Welcome to our review of the best grass seed for hay field! Hay is an essential crop for farmers across the world, and having the right grass seed can make all the difference in terms of yield and quality. To help you find the best grass seed for your hay field, we've scoured the market and tested a range of products to bring you our top picks.

We've considered factors like germination rates, disease resistance, and drought tolerance, as well as the specific needs of hay production. Whether you're a small-scale farmer or a larger operation, this guide will provide you with all the information you need to make an informed decision. So sit back, relax, and let us introduce you to the best grass seed for hay field on the market today.

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In the realm of hay field contenders, Fescue grass steps up to the plate, demonstrating potential as one of the best grass seeds for hay fields.

The star of our discussion is tall fescue, a grass variety which, with its hardiness and high yield, behaves like a well-oiled machine even in low fertility conditions. Like a fortress standing tall amid an onslaught of insects and diseases, it offers resistance to most common foes. However, it is important to be sure you're cultivating a safe, endophyte-free variety when grown for forage and hay, as common types can harbor a fungus or endophyte that can cause health issues in livestock during summer months and pregnancy problems in horses.

In the winter months, tall fescue becomes the equivalent of a gourmet meal for your livestock, with its palatability increasing during this period. Fescue grasses have had a makeover, with varieties now available without endophyte or with 'novel' endophyte, making them safe for livestock.

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In the wider field of forage grasses, smooth bromegrass and reed canarygrass also show promise. The former boasts high-quality forage for hay and pasture, retaining quality better than other grasses when mature. The latter, a high-yielding, competitive grass, thrives in flood-prone areas but demands high-quality, low-alkaloid varieties for increasing forage quality.

When it comes to seeding a new hay field, diversity is king. Mixing types of forages should be done with species that have similar growth habits. Always opt for high-quality, improved varieties of seed for better yield, persistence, insect, and disease resistance.

The fescue family has its black sheep - most fescue grasses are infected with a fungus endophyte that can cause problems in many livestock species. However, enterprising breeders have developed endophyte-free varieties of fescue, which are recommended for use. These new varieties might be costlier, but the economic value they provide in replacing infected fescue is considerable.

Red fescue, a cool-season grass that thrives in the Pacific Northwest region, offers excellent hay quality and withstands periods of drought. Like a protein shake for your livestock, it provides reliable nutrition and features a deep root system that ensures increased durability and a longer recovery time when grazed.

In conclusion, fescue grass, with its adaptability, resilience, and nutritious value, is a top contender for the title of Best Grass Seed for Hay Field. While it demands careful selection and management, the rewards it offers make it a worthy investment.


As we embark on our journey to uncover the best grass seed for a hay field, we take a close look at Ryegrass, particularly its two main varieties - Italian and Perennial.

The Italian Ryegrass, with its origins in the cooler climates, behaves much like an efficient machine, providing high-quality feed with multiple cut crop options. The proverb, "one size does not fit all," is particularly relevant here. The seeding rate of 25-30lbs per acre is recommended when you have adequate moisture and fertility at your disposal. However, in dryland situations, the rate should be dialed back to 15-20lbs per acre. Much like a gourmet meal to your livestock, Italian Ryegrass is primarily used for palatable livestock feed, making it a solid contender in the hay field arena.

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On the other side of the Ryegrass family is Perennial Ryegrass, a bunch-type grass that brings to the table excellent yields with good fertility, much like a reliable investment that consistently brings high returns. However, it's important to note that it's not as winter-hardy or competitive as other grasses, and it doesn't take well to the process of drying for hay. On the flip side, it's perfectly suitable for hay production, further cementing its position as a viable choice for hay fields.

In terms of its growing preferences, Perennial Ryegrass is like a sunbather, preferring full sun but not adverse to a bit of partial shade. It requires moist but not saturated soil to grow, much like a well-watered but not overwatered plant.

Despite their differences, Italian and Perennial Ryegrass share a few common threads. Both are cool-season grasses, much like athletes who perform their best in cooler conditions. Both require consistent water, similar to a well-oiled engine that needs regular lubrication to function optimally. Furthermore, both types of Ryegrass are utilized for feed production, demonstrating their immense value in the realm of livestock nutrition.

In conclusion, Ryegrass, with its high nutritive value and excellent yield potential, shows great promise as a top contender for the best grass seed for hay fields. While it demands careful selection and management, the rewards it offers in terms of livestock nutrition make it a worthwhile investment.

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White Clover

As we continue our quest for the best grass seed for hay fields, we turn our attention to an unexpected contender: White Clover. This little powerhouse is a low-growing, short-lived perennial that holds an intriguing proposition for any hay field.

White Clover acts much like the trusty sidekick in a superhero story, where it's a fantastic legume to have in pastures. Its suitability for continuous grazing positions it as a reliable option that can withstand the rigorous feeding cycles of livestock. Much like a seasoned athlete, it displays its prowess as a prolific seeder, ensuring a consistent supply of fresh foliage throughout the season.

However, no superhero story is complete without a touch of drama. Despite its many advantages, White Clover can cause bloat in livestock if not properly managed, serving as a reminder that even the best solutions require careful attention.

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Let's delve deeper into the benefits of introducing White Clover to your pastures. Imagine it as the ideal roommate for short-growing grasses like bluegrass - their different growth habits complement each other, resulting in a well-rounded, nutritionally dense hay field. This partnership, akin to a well-oiled machine, ensures maximum utilization of the available land.

The attraction to White Clover extends beyond just the realm of cows and horses. Its charm is also appreciated by sheep and goats who prefer the closer grazing habits offered by this plant, making it a universal crowd-pleaser. Picture it as the popular snack at a party, favored by all attendees for its unique qualities.

In conclusion, White Clover may not be the first name that comes to mind when considering the best grass seed for hay fields, but it's an option worth considering. While it requires careful management to prevent bloat, its benefits, such as suitability for continuous grazing, prolific seeding, and compatibility with short-growing grasses, make it a serious contender in the race. So, if you're willing to venture beyond traditional choices, White Clover could be the surprise package you've been looking for.

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Questions you might be asking

What type of grass should I use for my hay field?

The best grass for a hay field will depend on your climate, soil type, and how you plan to use the hay. Some popular choices include timothy, orchardgrass, and tall fescue.

How much grass seed do I need for my hay field?

The amount of grass seed you'll need will depend on the size of your field and the recommended seeding rate for the type of grass you choose. A general rule of thumb is to use 15 to 30 pounds per acre.

Can I use a grass mix for my hay field?

Yes, many farmers choose to use a grass mix to provide a variety of nutrients and improve yield. However, it's important to choose grasses that will grow well together and have similar growth habits.

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How often should I mow my hay field?

This will depend on the type of grass you use and how quickly it grows. Generally, you should mow your hay field once the grass reaches a height of about 12 to 18 inches to prevent it from becoming too woody.

How do I know when to harvest my hay?

You should harvest your hay when it reaches the appropriate stage for the type of grass you're using. This will vary depending on whether you want to maximize yield or nutrient content. A local agricultural extension office can provide guidance on when to harvest based on your specific needs.

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Sources we used in this research